What is sciatica?
Sciatica is pain resulting from irritation of the sciatic nerve. The pain of sciatica is typically felt from the low back to behind the thigh and radiating down below the knee.
The sciatic nerve is the largest nerve in the body and begins from nerve roots in the lumbar spinal cord in the low back and extends through the buttock area to send nerve endings down the lower limb.
What are causes of Sciatica?
These causes include irritation of the nerve from adjacent bone, tumors, muscle, internal bleeding, infections, injury, and other causes.
What are the Symptoms of Sciatica?
Sciatica causes pain, a burning sensation, numbness, or tingling radiating from the lower back and upper buttock down the back of the thigh to the back of the leg.
Severe sciatica can make walking difficult if not impossible. Sometimes the symptoms of sciatica are aggravated by walking or bending at the waist and relieved by lying down.
How is sciatica diagnosed?
Sciatica is diagnosed with a physical exam and medical history. The typical symptoms and certain examination manoeuvres help the health-care practitioner to diagnose sciatica.
Sometimes, X-rays, films, and other tests, such as CT scan, MRI scan, and electromyogram, are used to further define the exact causes of sciatica.
Treatments for sciatica include addressing the underlying cause, medications to relieve pain and inflammation and relax muscles, and manual therapy.
David Jenkins at Sports Therapy Scotland is qualified in administering Spinal Mobilisation and Sports Massage Therapy Treatment at the sports injury clinic in Stirling and can help with neck and back conditions such as Sciatica and related Back Pain.